Strathbogie Ranges - Nature View

Ecology, landscape and natural history in and around the Strathbogie Ranges, Australia.

Mammals

Mammal list for the Strathbogie Ranges, North-east Victoria – 33 species. This list will be annotated as information is gathered.

Monotremes

Platypus (Ornithorhynchus anatinus)

Widespread and locally common in streams with good riparian vegetation, occasional deep holes and abundant in-stream logs and other woody debris. Recorded in Seven Creeks, Spring Creek and other tributaries.

Short-beaked Echidna (Tachyglossus aculeatus)

Widespread and common across most parts of the Strathbogie Ranges.

Carnivorous Marsupials

Agile Antechinus (Antechinus agilis)

Common and widespread in the foothills and forests of the Strathbogies, occupying a wide range of habitats, wherever fallen timber is abundant.

Dusky Antechinus (Antechinus swainsonii)

Known from only a very few confirmed records in the Strathbogie Ranges. The Dusky Antechinus prefers wet forest and swampy vegetation with dense undergrowth to 1 m above ground. Agile Antechinus is often found in the same habitat as Dusky Antechinus and is slighly smaller in size and usually more abundant.

Yellow-footed Antechinus (Antechinus flavipes)

Likely only found on the edges of the Tableland, in drier woodlands of the lower slopes.

Brush-tailed Phascogale aka Tuan (Phascogale tapoatafa)

The Tuan is an inhabitant of woodlands, open forests and in some roadside vegetation. It has been recorded widely in the Strathbogie ranges, but appears to be absent from heavily forested areas. 2012 distribution map at right. Occasionally found as road-killed specimens. Individuals, particularly males, can occupy very large home-ranges. Download the Brush-tailed Phascogale Nest-box brochure. The Tuan is listed as Threatened in Victoria.

Spot-tailed Quoll (Dasyurus maculatus)

There have been several recent though unconfirmed records. The last confirmed record of the Spot-tailed Quoll in the Strathbogie Ranges was 1983. This was a live animal cornered by a farmer in a chicken pen near Creighton’s Creek. The species is locally extinct over most of its former range in Victoria. Recent Victorian Government surveys (~2008-9) of intact forest habitat in the eastern Strathbogie Ranges failed to find any evidence of this species, though two recent unconfirmed reports provide some hope. The Spot-tailed Quoll is listed as Threatened in Victoria.

Bandicoots

Long-nosed Bandicoot (Perameles nasuta)

Uncommon and restricted to dense vegetation associated with creeks, wetlands and spring-soaks in agricultural areas and in the taller, wetter forests in the eastern Strathbogies. It is threatened by loss and fragmentation of the dense habitat is requires to avoid predation by foxes and cats. Numbers appeared to decline markedly during the prolonged Millenium drought (2002-2009) and do not appear to have recovered.

Wombat & Koala

Common Wombat (Vombatus ursinus)

Common and widespread in forests and the agricultural zone.

Koala (Phascolarctos cinereus)

Widespread, though currently much less abundant than in the 1990’s. It occurs principally where food trees are common: Narrow-leaf Peppermint, Manna Gum, Blue Gum, Mountain Swamp Gum. Less common on the escarpments and drier slopes. The Millenium Drought of 2002-2009 devastated local Koala numbers and the population has yet to fully recover. Koalas are most often seen on roadsides and in paddock trees, but the tall forests of the eastern Strathbogie Ranges (where they are harder to see) likely represents the more secure, core habitat for this species in the ranges.

Possums

Mountain Brushtail Possum (Trichosurus cunninghami)

Common and widespread, both on roadsides and in larger patches of bush. Rarely found lower than about 450 m altitude in the ranges. This species has thick grey fur and bushy black tail. Also known as the Short-eared Possum, its ears only just extend beyond the thick coat.

Common Brushtail Possum (T. vulpecula)

Widespread in the ranges, though less common than T. cunninghami in the wetter, higher altitude parts of the ranges. Shorter, paler fur than T. cunninghami, a less bushy tail and longer ears.

Common Ringtail Possum (Pseudocheirus peregrinus)

Widespread and common in most forests and woodlands. This species thrives in dense vegetation with a tall shrub layer.

Greater Glider (Petauroides volans)

Dependent on forests and roadsides with large, old trees (Manna Gum, Southern Blue Gum, Narrow-leaf peppermint & Messmate) containing hollows. Most abundant in the taller, wetter forests of the eastern Strathbogie Ranges. The Strathbogie Ranges support one of the healthiest Greater Glider populations in Victoria. Listed as Threatened in Victoria and nationally.

Yellow-bellied Glider (Petaurus australis)

Recorded in 1995 in Mountain Swamp Gum Forest near Mount Barrenhet in the Strathbogie Forest. Several months later, a stand of mature Messmate Stringybark (Eucalyptus obliqua), adjacent to the Mountain Swamp Gum habitat, was clear-felled. The logged area had contained many large, old, hollow-bearing trees and was contiguous with the riparian zone where the animals had previously been recorded.

An extensive survey effort in this and nearby suitable habitat in the many years since, has not resulted in any more Yellow-bellied Glider observations. Status unknown, possibly locally extinct in the Ranges.

More information on the YBG page on Nature View.

Squirrel Glider (Petaurus norfolcensis)

Occurs on the plains and in foothills to the west, north and east of the ranges in River Red Gum and Grey Box woodland. Regional strongholds include the Longwood Plains and Reef Hills conservation reserve. Listed as Threatened in Victoria and nationally.

Sugar Glider (Petaurus breviceps)

Widespread and fairly common, occupying roadsides and intact forest. It is usually present throughout the ranges wherever trees have suitable hollows and their habitat is connected (where canopy gaps are less than about 50 m wide).

Feathertail Glider (Acrobates pygmaeus)

The Feathertail Glider is widespread and common in ‘peppermint gum’ forest (Herb-rich Foot-hill Forest) of the ranges, but less common in drier forest types.

This species has recently been split into two separate species – the Narrow-toed Feathertail Glider (A. pygmaeus) and the Broad-toed Feathertail Glider (A. frontalis), both of which may occur in the Strathbogie Ranges.

Eastern Pygmy-possum (Cercartetus nanus)

Several records from the eastern Strathbogie Ranges, though its distribution is poorly understood. Listed as Threatened in Victoria and nationally.

Kangaroos & Wallabies

Eastern Grey Kangaroo (Macropus giganteus)

Widespread and common, locally over-abundant.

Swamp Wallaby (Wallabia bicolour)

Widespread and common. These animals only require small areas of bushy scrub or forest for daytime resting and concealment, then emerge at dusk to browse on a wide variety of plants.

Micro-bats

Eastern Horseshoe Bat (Rhinolophus magaphyllus)
Gould’s Wattled Bat (Chalinolobus gouldi)
Chocolate Wattled Bat (Chalinolobus morio)
Lesser Long-eared Bat (Nyctophilus geoffroyi)
White-striped Mastiff Bat (Tadarida australis)
Southern Freetail Bat (Mormopterus planiceps long penis form)

Native Rodents

Bush Rat (Rattus fuscipes)

Mainly found in healthy native forest with a well developed understory and plentiful fallen timber. Absent from most of the agricultural landscape.

Water Rat (Hydromys chrysogaster)

The native Water Rat, or Rakali, is a semi-aquatic rodent that lives in riparian and wetland vegetation – Rakali Project – Benalla & District Environment Group

Introduced Mammals

House Mouse (Mus musculus)
Black Rat (Rattus rattus)
Red Fox (Vulpes vulpes)
Feral Cat (Felis catus)
Red Deer (Cervus elaphus)
Sambar Deer (Cervus unicolor)
Fallow Deer (Cervus dama)
European Hare (Lepus europeaus)
European Rabbit (Oryctolagus cunniculus)
Feral Pig (Sus scrofa)

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